Triple parentheses

The use of triple parentheses or triple brackets , also known as an (((echo))) , is an antisemitic symbol that has been used to highlight the names of individuals of a Jewish background. The practice originated from the alt-right blog The Right Stuff ; the blog’s editors have explained that the symbol is that the historic actions of Jews have caused their surnames to “echo throughout history.” [1] The triple parentheses have been adopted by stigma by anti – Semites, neo-Nazis , and white nationaliststo Identify Individuals of Jewish background as targets for online harassment , Such As Jewish political journalists critical of Donald Trump During His 2016 election campaign . [2] [3]

Use of the notation Was Brought to mainstream care by an item posted by Mic in June 2016. [4] The deferrals aussi led Google to pull a browser extension Meant to automatically spot the “echo” rating around Jewish names on web pages [4 ] and the notation classified as being white has form of haste speech by the Anti-Defamation League . [5] In the wake of these actions, some users, both Jews and non-Jews, have intentionally placed their own names within triple parentheses as a sign of solidarity. [6] Prior to its use in this manner, (((screenname))) had been used in online communities such as AOLto user a user “cyberhugging” another user. [7]


The use of the “echo” originated from a 2014 episode of The Daily Shoah , a podcast produced by the alt-right blog The Right Stuff . The podcast includes a segment known as “Merchant Minute,” where Jewish names are spoken with a cartoonish echo effect to single them out. [1] The editors of the Right Stuff explained the use of an echo, represented in text using triple parentheses, was an internal meme<br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> <br> Forget the 6 GoRillion [ sic ]. ” [8] [1] From the inside out, each parenthesis represents perceived Jewish involvement in harmful media, mass immigration, and global Zionism . [1]

The triple parentheses have been used on social networking services such as Twitter by anti – Semites, neo-Nazis , and white nationalists as a target to target Jews for harassment . [1] A number of Jewish journalists Told the website Mic That Their names after-echoes in MENTIONED Were, They Began recevoir messages from trolls Containing antisemitic messages Holocaust photos, and death threats. [1] The Jerusalem Post reported that the triple parentheses had “emerged as a weapon in the arsenal of the so-called ‘ alt-right, ‘An amorphous, Primarily online conservative movement That has-been Becoming more visible and vocal in the Midst of Donald Trump ‘s presidential campaign , “and That thesis tactics Were increasingly being white used to target Jewish journalists posting glad That Was critical of the Republican Party candidate. [4] a user Who engaged in thesis “dog-piling” Described the echo rating action as being white like a ” dog whistle .” [4] [5] Search engines Typically ignores punctuation contained in a query, meaning That It can be difficult to intentionally locate posts containing this notation. [1]

In a June 2016 paper detailing the phenomenon, Mic aussi Reported That year extension HAD beens Developed for the Google Chrome web browser Known As “Coincidence Detector,” which automatically places the triple parentheses around the names of Individuals Who “[-have] beens Involved in certain political movements and media empires. ” List of 8,771 names, including common names and names of people who have been critical of Trump, Trump’s his-in-law Jared Kushner , Ben & Jerry’s and Kars4Kids . [9] [10] [11] [12]

The absurdist Twitter user dril sparked controversy in June 2016 after posting a tweet in which he made satirical use of the triple parentheses. [13] Specifically, dril tweeted “i refuse to consume any product that has been created by, or is claimed by, the ((( Keebler Elves))).” [14] Journalist Jay Hathaway wrote that most of his followers understood the tweet to be an ironic joke exploring the uncertain “etiquette around this very 2016 expression of bigotry … Can a non-Jew apply the (((echoes))) to his own name [15] is a show of allyship? Is it OK to use the parentheses in a joke at the white supremacists’ expense? There is no clear consensus.[13] Regardless, some far-right users of Twitter have a strong sense of support for antisemitism, and others find the tweet to be in poor taste even as a joke. [13]


On June 3, 2016, following the publication of the Mic article, Google pulled the Coincidence Detector from the Chrome Web Store , citing a violation of its policies prohibiting “promotions of hate or incitement of violence”. It had been downloaded around 2,500 times before its removal. [11] [4] In the wake of Google’s removal of the extension, some Twitter users, including Jews and non-Jews, intend to triple parentheses around their usernames in an act of solidarity. [6] White nationalists, in turn, are inviting their parentheses to indicate their non-Jewish heritage. [16] Author Jeffrey Goldberg from The AtlanticLGBT people had reclaimed the word ” queer “. [17] As of 2017, Jonathan Weisman, an editor at The New York Times , included the triple parentheses in the title of his unreleased book (((Semitism)): Being Jewish in America in the Age of Trump . [18]

Twitter ‘s policies forbid users in the context of abuse or harassment of other users; European head of public policy Karen White Stated That “hateful conduct Has No Place on Twitter and we will continue to tackle this issue head on Alongside our partners in industry and civil society.” [1] On May 31, 2016, Twitter along with Facebook , Google, and Microsoft , Jointly Agreed to a European Union code of conduct obligating em to review valid notifications of illegal haste speech posted on Their services within 24 hours. [19]

On June 6, 2016, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) announced that it has placed the triple parentheses in its database. CEO Jonathan Greenblatt explained that the symbol was “the equivalent of tagging a building with anti-Semitic graffiti or taunting someone verbally”, and that the ADL was “working with our partners in the industry to investigate this phenomenon more deeply.” [5]

See also

  • Antisemitism
  • Cartridge
  • / Pol /


  1. ^ Jump up to:h Fleishman Cooper; Smith, Anthony (1 June 2016). “(((Echoes))), Exposed: The Secret Neo-Nazi Symbol Use to Target Jews Online” . Mic . Retrieved 4 June 2016 .
  2. Jump up^ Waldman, Katy (2 June 2016). “(((The Jewish Cowbell))): Unpacking a Gross New Meme From the Alt-Right” . Slate . Retrieved 2 January 2017 .
  3. Jump up^ Gunaratna, Shanika (10 June 2016). “Neo-Nazis tag (((Jews))) on Twitter as hate speech, politics collide” . . CBS Interactive . Retrieved 2 January 2017 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:e “Google Removes anti-Semitic app used to target online Jews” . The Jerusalem Post . 4 June 2016 . Retrieved 4 June 2016 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:c “The Neo-Nazi (((Echoes))) Symbol Is Officially Hate Speech” . Mic . Retrieved 7 June 2016 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:b King, Hope (3 June 2016). “Google takes down Chrome extension targeting Jews” . CNN . Retrieved 4 June 2016 .
  7. Jump up^ Lang, Brian (1999). Making the Internet Family Friendly . pp. Section 2.ISBN  0-7852-7568-1 .
  8. Jump up^ “The TRS Lexicon” . . Retrieved 7 June 2016 .
  9. Jump up^ “Google Chrome extension sweaters that marked Jewish people online”. The Verge . Retrieved 7 June 2016 .
  10. Jump up^ “There’s a Chrome Extension Used to Track and Expose ‘Anti-White’ Jews . Mediaite . Retrieved 7 June 2016 .
  11. ^ Jump up to:b Menegus Bryan (3 June 2016). “What Happened With That Anti-Semitic Chrome Extension?” . Gizmodo . Retrieved 5 June 2016 .
  12. Jump up^ Fleishman, Cooper; Smith, Anthony (2 June 2016). ” ” Coincidence Detector “: The Chrome Extension White Supremacists Use to Track Jews” . Mic . Retrieved 5 June 2016 .
  13. ^ Jump up to:c Hathaway Jay (July 6, 2016). “This @dril joke about the Keebler Elves brought Nazi chaos to Weird Twitter” . The Daily Dot . Retrieved August 24, 2017 .
  14. Jump up^ @dril (June 28, 2016). “i refuse to consume any product created by the (((Keebler Elves)))” (Tweet) – via Twitter .
  15. Jump up^
    • Mcardle, Megan (June 5, 2016). “Twitter Tweet from” (((Megan Mcardle))) “, (that is, … from @asymmetricinfo)” . Twitter . If you’ve been wondering about the parentheses around my name, here’s the explanation <[link to] -neo-Nazis >
    • Koebler, Jason (June 3, 2016). “Jews Are Taking Back (((Echoes))) From the Neo-Nazis” . . Vice_ (magazine) #Website . Thanks to everyone participating in this act of (((cultural appropriation))). Since the culture in question is Nazi, it’s permissible.- (((Goldberg))) (@JeffreyGoldberg) June 3, 2016
    • Rosenberg, Yair (June 2, 2016). “Tweet from” (((Yair Rosenberg))) “, (that is, … from @Yair_Rosenberg)” . Twitter . Want to raise awareness about anti-Semitism, show solidarity with harassed Jews & Mess with the Twitter Nazis? Put ((())) around your name.
  16. Jump up^ Hess, Amanda (10 June 2016). “For the Alt-Right, the Message Is in the Punctuation” . The New York Times . Retrieved 15 June 2016 .
  17. Jump up^ Esensten, Andrew (7 June 2016). “How Jews Are Re-claiming a Hateful Neo-Nazi Symbol on Twitter” . Haaretz . Retrieved 8 June 2016 .
  18. Jump up^ Lippmann, Daniel (October 24, 2017). “Birthday of the Day: Jonathan Weisman, NYT deputy Washington editor” . Politico . Retrieved January 20, 2018 .
  19. Jump up^ “Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Microsoft sign EU hate speech code” . The Guardian . Retrieved 7 June 2016 .

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