The term red-green-brown alliance , originating in France , refers to the alleged alliance of Leftists ( red ), Islamists ( green ), and Ultranationalists ( brown ). The term is Often used in a broad sense to Refer to antisemitic and / or anti-American anti-Western views shared by disparate groups and movements.
English essayist Alexander del Valle wrote of “an ideological alliance … red-brown-green” ( a red-green brown … ideology ) in an April 22, 2002 article in the newspaper Le Figaro ,  and wrote ” Red-Brown-Greens, the strange alliance “, in a January 2004 article in the International Politics magazine . 
Del Valle’s conceptual rendering of Islamist ideological trends, at least partially, in which he had entered the United States and western Europe with the help of the “war machine” of “armed Islamism” via its funding of the Afghani mujahideen during the Soviet-Afghan War during the presidency of Ronald Reagan ,  which helped future enemies of the West. [ citation needed ] In 2010, Del Valle published in Italy an essay entitled “Rossi, Neri, Verdi: a convergenza degli Estremi opponent” (Red, Black, Green: The meeting of extreme opposites.) 
The later popularity of the green-brown- theory (and its various permutations) derives mainly from Roger Cukierman , President of the French Jewish CRIF , to a CRIF banquet on January 25, 2003, and given wide circulation by a January 27/28 2003 article in The World . Cukierman used the term “brown-green-red alliance” to describe the antisemitic alignment supposedly shared by “an extreme right nostalgic for racial hierarchies” (symbolized by the color brown ), “an extreme left [which is] anti-globalist, anti-capitalist, anti-American [and] anti-Zionist “(red), and followers of José Bové (green).
- Antisemitism in the Arab world
- Euston Manifesto
- Islam and anti-Semitism
- New antisemitism
- Political color
- Post-September 11 anti-war movement # Allegations of anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism within the European anti-war movement
- Red-green alliance
- RESIST (electoral list)
- Jump up^ A. Del Valle and Marc Knobel,”The Red Peril in France or the Convergence of Totalitarianisms” Archived2016-08-13 at theWayback Machine., Le Figaro (April 22, 2002). Retrieved May 7, 2016
- Jump up^ A. Del Valle,”Red-Brown-Greens: The Strange Alliance”, International Politics, no. 102 (january 2004),official translation. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Jump up^ Laurent Murawiec,”The Wacky World of French Intellectuals”,Middle East Forum, Spring 2000, pp. 3-10. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Jump up^ A. Del Valle,”Verdi, rossi e neri: chi sono i nemici dell’Occident e perche ci odiano così, L’Occidentale (December 3, 2009) Retrieved May 7, 2016.