Fourth Council of the Lateran

The  Fourth Council of the Lateran  was convoked by Pope Innocent III with the papal bull  Vineam domini Sabaoth  of 19 April 1213, and the Council gathered at Rome’s Lateran Palace beginning 11 November 1215.  [1]  Due to the great length of time between the Council’s convocation and meeting, many bishops had the opportunity to wait. It is considered by the Catholic Church to be the twelfth ecumenical council and is sometimes called the “Great Council” or “General Council of Lateran” due to the presence of seventy-one patriarchsand metropolitan bishops, four hundred and twelve bishops , and nine hundred abbots and priors together with representatives of several monarchs .  [1] Read More…

First they came …

”  First they came …  ” is a poem written by German Lutheran pastor Martin Niemöller (1892-1984). It is about the cowardice of German intellectuals following the Nazis ‘ course of power and subsequent purging of their chosen targets, group after group. Many variations and adaptations in the spirit of the original have been published in the English language. It deals with themes of persecution , guilt and responsibility . Read More…

Expulsion of Jews from Spain

The  expulsion of the Jews from Spain  was ordered by the Catholic Monarchs ruling Castile and Aragon through the Edict of Granada , according to the decree, of preventing them from influencing ” New Christians “, Jews and their descendants who had under duress converted to Christianity. The decision to expel the Jews-or to prohibit the practice of Judaism  [1] -followed the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition in the Crowns of Castile and Aragon to weed out the conversos who continued practicing their old faith. Historian Julio Valdeónwrote, “undoubtedly the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian site is one of the most controversial issues of all that happened throughout the history of Spain “. French hispanist Joseph Perez highlighted the similarities that exist between this expulsion and the persecution of the Jews in Hispania visigoda almost a thousand years earlier. Read More…

Economic antisemitism

Economic antisemitism including stereotypes and ducks based on the economic status, occupation or economic behavior of Jews. It also includes economic behavior, laws and governmental policies targeting the economic status, occupation or economic behavior of Jews. In some cases, the stereotypes and ducks have motivated economic behavior and governmental action targeting Jews; in other cases, the economic behavior, laws and / or governmental policies for the propagation of stereotypes and ducks. Read More…

Down and Out in Paris and London

Down and Out in Paris and London  is the first full-length work by the English author George Orwell , published in 1933. It is a memoir  [2]  in two parts on the theme of poverty in the two cities. The first part is an account of living in near- destitution in Paris and the experience of casual labor in restaurant kitchens. The second part is a travelogue of life on the roadLondon and the tramp ‘s perspective, with descriptions of the types of accommodation and some of the characters to be found living on the margins. Read More…

Conversion of the Jews

The widespread  conversion of the Jews  to Christianity is a future event predicted by many Christians, often as an end time event. Some Christian groups consider the conversion of the Jews to be imperative and dry and make their mission to bring this about. However, efforts to convert to Christianity are sometimes regarded as antisemitic .  [1]  A number of Progressive Christian denominations have declared that they will no longer proselytize Jews .  [2]  [3] Other mainline Christian and conservative Christianchurches said they will continue their efforts to evangelize among Jews, claiming that this is not anti-semitic.  [4] Read More…

Eric Cartman

Eric Theodore Cartman  , Often Referred to as just  Cartman  ,  [1]  is a hand character in the animated television series  South Park  , created by Matt Stone and Trey Parker , and voiced by Trey Parker. Cartman is one of four central characters in  South Park  , along with Stan Marsh , Kyle Broflovski , and Kenny McCormick . Cartman first appeared, originally named Kenny, in prototypical form in a 1992  Jesus  animated short  Frosty  , and a 1995 animated short  Jesus vs. Santa  , and first appeared on television in thepilot episode of  South Park  , ” Cartman Gets an Anal Probe “, on August 13, 1997. Read More…

Caladrius

The  Caladrius  , according to Roman mythology , is a snow-white bird that lives in the king’s house. The caladrius existed in Greek mythology under the name Dhalion. It is said to be able to take the sickness and go away, dispersing the sickness and healing both itself and the sick person. The caladrius legend formed part of the medieval bestiary materials, which typically provided a Christian moralization for the animals. Read More…

Antisemitism

Antisemitism (also spelled anti- semitism or anti-semitism ) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews . [1] [2] [3] A person who holds such positions is called an antisemite . Antisemitism is generally considered to be a form of racism . [4] [5] Read More…

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