Andinia Plan

Andinia Plan  ( Spanish :  plan Andinia  ) refers to a conspiracy theory to allegedly establish a Jewish state in parts of Argentina and Chile . It is partly based on an exaggeration of historical proposals for organized Jewish migration to Argentina in the late 19th and early 20th century (which, however, did not include plans for a Jewish state there). The name and contents of the plan in Argentina and Chilean extreme right-wing circles, but no evidence of its actual existence has ever been brought up, making it according to the US-based Anti Defamation League , the conservativeGatestone Institute and the Israeli Research Institute, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, an example of a conspiracy theory.  [1]  [2]  [3]

Alleged This map has-been used as a rhetorical device by far right circles to attack Jews and Jewish institutions. In 1971 a leaflet appeared among the officers in the Argentinean army under the name “Andinia Plan,” which accused international Jewry and Zionists of planning to take over southern Argentina. It has been circulating ever since.

Jewish migration to Argentina Zionist plans

Main article: Agricultural colonies in Argentina § Jewish migration

Starting in 1880, Argentina has had a policy of massive immigration, and the liberal tendencies of the Roca administration have been instrumental in making European Jews feel welcome.

Maurice de Hirsch sponsored the Jewish Colonization Association for the support of agricultural settlements, Zionists such as Theodore Herzl . However, these did not include plans for an independent Jewish state, but for a local Jewish autonomy. The concept of a Jewish homeland, not in Palestine, but elsewhere in the world, such as a region of South America or in Africa , eventually led to the schism of the Jewish Territorialist Organization .

The Jewish population in Argentina grew and prospered in the ensuing years, though the community eventually became more urban (  see  History of the Jews in Argentina ).

Conspiracy theory

The extreme right-wing had a strong foothold in the Argentine military, mostly through the teachings of Jordán Bruno Genta . In thesis circles, the Andinia Plan Was Sometimes assumed to be a fact, Even Though the Zionist movement HAD abandoned all planning related to Argentina decades ago,  [4]  and Argentine Jewish institutions (headed by DAIA ) Were reconnu by (and conversing with) all Argentina governments, including military juntas.

Later versions of the “Plan”, as published in Argentina Neo-Nazi media since the 1970s, involved in the Israeli intentions to conquer parts of Patagonia in Argentina’s south, and declared in the Jewish state. This theory did not take hold in mainstream political discourse. Many Israelis turn South America , Many of Them Their time immediately after- Military Service as a gap year experience, with Patagonia being white has Favored destination. (The actual early 20th century Jewish settlement effort is rather focused on the other extremity of the country, the northern Entre Ríos Province and surroundings, where it coexisted alongside other European settlements.)

During the 1976-1983 dictatorship , some Jewish prisoners of the armed forces notably Jacobo Timerman  [5]  [6]  , Were interrogated about Their knowledge of the Andinia plan and Were Asked to Provide Details Regarding the preparations of the Israeli Defense Forces for the invasion of Patagonia.

See also

  • Judeopolonia
  • Proposals for a Jewish state

References

  1. Jump up^  “Argentina: A Study Case on Current Anti-Semitism” .  Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs  . Retrieved 22 March 2014 .
  2. Jump up^  “ADL Outraged by Anti-Semitic Conspiracies Circulating in Connection with Tragic Fire in Chilean Patagonia” .  Anti-Defamation League  . January 5, 2012 . Retrieved 22 March 2014 .
  3. Jump up^   Mahjar-Barducci, Anna (January 23, 2012). “Jews Accused of Plotting to Take Over Patagonia” .  Gatestone Institute  . Retrieved 22 March 2014 .
  4. Jump up^   Calabrese, Frank J. (1994).  The Palestine Legacy: A Politico-Legal History, 1917-1990  . UNIFO Publishers. p. 10. ISBN  9780891110316 .
  5. Jump up^  Rein & Davidi, “Exile of the World” (2010), p. 4.

    “Timerman stressed that the issue of his Judaism came up repeatedly during every interrogation, which included questions about” Andinia Plan “, an apocryphal Zionist conspiracy to occupy a broad section of the Patagonian provinces in southern Argentina and establish a second Jewish state there. “

  6. Jump up^  Timerman, Prisoner Without A Name (1981), pp. 29-30.

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