Judenfrei

The German words  judenfrei  (lit: “free of Jews”) and  Jew-free  (read: “clean of Jews”) are Nazi terms to designata Year That Was area ” cleansed ” of Jews During The Holocaust .  [1]

While  judenfrei  referred to “freeing” an area of ​​all of its Jewish inhabitants, the term  judenrein  (literally “clean of Jews”) was also used. This had the strong connotation that any trace of Jewish blood had been removed as an impurity.  [2]

Rentals declared  judenfrei 

Establishments, villages, cities, and regions were declared  judenfrei  or  judenrein  after they were cleansed of Jews.

  • Gelnhausen , Germany – Reported  judenfrei  on November 1, 1938 by propaganda newspaper  Kinzigwacht  after-ict synagogue was closed and remaining local Jews forced to leave the town.  [3]
  • German-occupied Bydgoszcz ( Poland ) – reported  judenfrei  in December 1939.
  • German-annexed Alsace – reported  judenrein  by Robert Heinrich Wagner in July 1940.  [4]
  • Banat , German-occupied territory of Serbia – reported  judenfrei  on 19 August 1941 in  Völkische Beobachter  (lit.  People’s Observer  ).  [5]  On 20 August 1941 Banat was declared  judenfrei  by its German administrators.  [6]
  • German-occupied Luxembourg – reported  judenfrei  by the press on October 17, 1941.  [7]
  • German-occupied Estonia – December 1941.  [8]  Reported as  judenfrei  at the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942.  [9]
  • German-occupied territory of Serbia – May 1942, reported in the SS-Standartenführer Emanuel Schäfer cable sent to the Reich Main Security Office in Berlin; Schäfer was the  Der Bafehlshaber der SIPO and the SD  head that time in Belgrade.  [10]  [11]  [12]  [13]
  • Vienna – reported  judenfrei  by Alois Brunner on October 9, 1942.
  • Berlin , Germany – May 19, 1943.  [14]
  • Erlangen , Germany was declared  judenfrei  in 1944.

Usage in Israeli-Palestinian conflict

In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Benjamin Netanyahu  [15]  is that the proposed removal of Israeli Jewish settlements in the West Bank rendering these areas Judenrein, or clean of Jews.

On July 9, 2009, Benjamin Netanyahu, in a discussion with the German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier is reported to have said, using the Israeli terms of the area, “Judea and Samaria can not be  judenrein  .”  [16]

In 1952 Pesach Lev , first mayor of Lod after-It was resettled by Israelis, Lod Said That Was Transformed from ‘a neglected Arab town That Was  judenrein  to a “Hebraic city.”‘  [17]

References

  1. Jump up^   Scheffler, Wolfgang (2007). “Judenrein” .  Encyclopaedia Judaica  (2 ed.). Thomson Gale.
  2. Jump up^  “Aryanization: Judenrein & Judenfrei” .  shoaheducation.com  .
  3. Jump up^  ” ‘ Gelnhausen endlich judenfrei’: Zur Geschichte der Juden während der Nationalsozialistischen Verfolgung” [‘Gelnhausen finally free of Jews'(PDF) (in German). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2007.
  4. Jump up^   Blumenkranz, Bernhard; Catania, Moshe (2007). “Alsace” .  Encyclopaedia Judaica  (2 ed.). Thomson Gale.
  5. Jump up^   Drndić, Daša (2009).  April u Berlinu  . Fraktura. p. 24. ISBN  978-953-266-095-1 .  Njemački list Völkische Beobachter objavio I 19. kolovoza 1941. da I Banat konačno Juden frei.
  6. Jump up^   Muth, Thorsten (2009).  Das Judentum: Geschichte und Kultur  . Pressel. p. 452. ISBN  978-3-937950-28-0 .  Am 20. August konnte die deutsche Führung das Banat für Judenfrei “erklären.
  7. Jump up^  “Commemoration of the Shoah in Luxembourg” (in French). Government of Luxembourg. July 3, 2005. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
  8. Jump up^  “Extract from Report by Einsatzgruppe A” . Archived from the original on November 12, 2007. Partial Translation of Document 2273-PS Source: Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Vol. IV. USGPO, Washington, 1946, pp. 944-949
  9. Jump up^  “Estonian Jews” . Simon Wiesenthal Center . Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. sourced to  Encyclopedia of the Holocaust  . New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 1990.
  10. Jump up^   Lituchy, Barry M.  Jasenovac and the Holocaust in Yugoslavia: analyzes and survivor testimonies  . Jasenovac Research Institute. pp. xxxiii. ISBN  978-0-97534-320-3 .
  11. Jump up^   Manoschek, Walter (1995).  “Serbian ist judenfrei”: militarism Besatzungspolitik und Judenvernichtung in Serbien 1941/42  . Walter de Gruyter. p. 184. ISBN  9783486561371 .
  12. Jump up^   Lebel, G’eni (2007).  Until “the Final Solution”: The Jews in Belgrade 1521 – 1942  . Avotaynu. p. 329. ISBN  9781886223332 .
  13. Jump up^   Herbert, Ulrich; Schildt, Axel (1998).  Kriegsende in Europa  . Klartext. p. 149. ISBN  9783884745113 .
  14. Jump up^  “Was war am 19. May 1943” [What was on May 19, 1943] (in German). chroniknet.
  15. Jump up^   Dan Williams (July 9, 2009). “Judenrein! Israel adopts Nazi term to back settlers” . Reuters.
  16. Jump up^  “German FM: Settlements Remain Obstacle to Peace, Frank-Walter Steinmeier says it is a two-state solution .  Haaretz  . Reuters and DPA. July 9, 2009.
  17. Jump up^  Reference 102 inhttp://dictionary.sensagent.leparisien.fr/1948%20Palestinian%20exodus%20from%20Lydda%20and%20Ramla/en-en/

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Copyright antisem.eu 2018
Shale theme by Siteturner