The historical contribution of Jews to the political Left. Karl Marx, Leon Trotsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Leon Blum, Emma Goldman, and as organized mass labor movements, for example, revolutionary Russia and early-mid twentieth century Warsaw, Amsterdam, Paris, Toronto, New York and London, Jews have been conspicuous for their socialist and communist affiliations.
Historical analysis of the dynamics of this Jewish / Left alliance, however, has been far less conclusive. Considerable dissonance exists, for example, concerning the factors which attracted Jews to the Left, to the extent to which they were affected. unique Jewish contribution to the international Left. In addition, discussion of these factors has often been inhibited by concerns regarding the use of the Jewish-Bolshevik conspiracy by the Nazis and other anti-Semitic groups.
According to Paul Johnson, Jewish society in the last 1,500 years has been designed to produce and support intellectuals who have largely focused their talents on rabbinical studies. Johnson asserts that “quite suddenly, around the year 1800, this ancient and highly efficient social machine for the production of intellectuals has begun to shift its output. This article is only available in French. ” 
The French Revolution of 1789 promised equality, freedom, and an end to discrimination for all the Jews. The subsequent political emancipation of the Jews in Western and Central Europe provoked an anti-modern and specifically anti-Jewish backlash from traditional conservative groupings. In response, Jews are moving along with the modern liberalist forces, and played an important role in the 1848 European revolutions which sought to entrench the gains of liberalism. However, the ensuing failure of liberalism to protect the world. The international character of the socialist movement Thus in contrast to most other national groups, Jews had a double reason to join the proletarian revolution. They were discriminated against both the class grounds and the racial grounds.
Not surprisingly, many Jews made a rational decision to join a movement which promised to defend and equalize the rights granted by the French Revolution. The prominence of Jews in the Left can, therefore, be attributed to self-interest as much as to any idealistic motivation. Equally, the subsequent decline of Jewish involvement in the left wing of the United States of America.
Many young Jews rejected the Orthodoxy of their parents and turned to the great Jewish secular movements of Zionism, socialism, and the Bundism [a Jewish labor movement founded in Eastern Europe in the 19th century]. They viewed their parents in the event of a dangerous message to the Jewish people. They took care of their own hands and created new forms of secular Jewish messianic activity. They have been immersed in the Jewish search for redemption.
A persistent theme among critics of Jews-especially those on the pre-World War II right-that the Bolshevik revolution was a Jewish revolution and that the Soviet Union was dominated by Jews. This theme appears in a wide range of writings, from Henry Ford’s International Jew, to published statements by a long list of British, French, and American political figures in the 1920s (Sir Winston Churchill , Woodrow Wilson , and David Lloyd George ), and , in its most extreme form, by Adolf Hitler , who wrote:
“Now begins the last great revolution.” By wresting political power for himself, the Jewish faith in the blood is still alive. try to exterminate the national pillars of intelligence, by robbing the peoples of their natural spiritual leadership, will make them ripe for the slavish lot of a permanent subjugation.The most terrible example of this is Russia. “
- General Jewish Labor Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia
- Jewish Socialist Federation
- Jewish Socialist Verband
- Workmen’s Circle
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